10 Jan
2018

新时代的新事物?

共同出版

查明新问题是中国专利起诉的关键方面 ‒比较严格的法学 识别标准。任何涉及新事物的差异都可能导致 专利申请被拒绝, 甚至授予专利 被无效。但是,有迹象 随着审查员的批准,评估变得越来越灵活 amendments based on information provided in figures 和 specific examples.

新事
专利法第33条规定了新问题,其中规定:

An applicant may amend [an] application for a patent, but the amendment to the application for a patent for invention of utility model may not go beyond the scope of disclosure contained in the initial description 和 claims。”

的 scope of disclosure in the initial description 和 claims includes:

  • 内容 explicitly described in the initial description 和 claims; 和
  • 内容 determined directly 和 unambiguously according to both 内容 described in the initial description 和 claims 以及说明的附图。

根据披露的数字进行修订
尽管专利申请的原始公开内容也包含附图,但是在起诉期间很少将其后的公开内容并入权利要求中。但是,在评估中 中国专利CN201010187743.6 允许将信息包含在图中的修订。

修正案 added the following technical feature to the original claim: “the deoxidizing device comprises two Roots blowers, 和 the two Roots blowers are in parallel connection”. While 原始规范中没有字面描述,此功能已在图中表示出来, showed:

  • two Roots blowers in parallel connection; 和
  • three components ‒ a can, a valve 和 a pressure gage ‒ arranged between the deoxidising tower 和 blowers.

的 原始索赔中没有对三个组成部分进行界定。

按照过去的程序,审查员可能会确定 该图公开的脱氧装置的区别 以及原始权利要求(即脱氧塔和罗茨鼓风机之间的三个组件)作为新问题。但是,在这种情况下,审查员允许修改,理由是 该图清楚地表明 脱氧装置包括两个罗茨鼓风机 and 两个罗茨鼓风机并联。

Further, as described in the specification, the three components were not closely associated with 和 had no synergic effect on other components in the deoxidising device. 的refore, the feature (ie, "the deoxidizing device comprises two Roots blowers, 和 the two Roots blowers are in parallel connection") was not necessarily associated with the technical solution disclosed in the figure 和 could apply 原始索赔。

根据具体示例修改数值范围
传统上,禁止通过从特定示例中提取技术特征来重新概括新的实施例。然而,在中国专利CN200910034899.8的评估中,基于特定示例(称为“示例2”)重新定义了数值范围。

的 claim related to a method for efficiently 和 rapidly producing marsh gas using the anaerobic fermentation of crop straws. 的 method required a solid alkali, which could be:

  • an organic solid alkali, inorganic solid alkali or compound of organic 和 inorganic solid alkalis; or
  • a mixture of two of organic solid alkali, inorganic solid alkali or a compound of organic 和 inorganic solid alkali in any proportion.

实施例2描述了使用农作物秸秆的厌氧发酵生产沼气的具体方法,其中Na / Al 2 O 3(无机固体碱)的重量为 2 grams (g) 和 the weight of D301 大孔弱碱阴离子交换树脂(有机固体碱)为 also 2g.

修正案 added the following feature to the original claim: “the solid alkali is a mixture of Na/Al2O3 和 D301 macroporous weak base anion exchange resin with the weight ratio 1:1”. 的 weight ratio was not explicitly described in the initial specification.

按照过去的程序,审查员可能会确定 this amendment as new matter because the 1:1 weight ratio referring to the two components was not literally described in the initial claim or specification. Example 2 described only a specific method wherein the weight of Na/Al2O3 was 2g 和 the weight of D301 大孔弱碱阴离子交换树脂也为2g。 但是,在这种情况下,审查员基于以下条件允许修改:

  • the initial claim had disclosed that the solid alkali could be a mixture of two of organic solid alkali or inorganic solid alkali in any proportion; 和
  • 具体的例子 (ie, that the weight of Na/Al2O3 was 2g 和 the weight of D301 macroporous weak base anion exchange resin was 2g) demonstrated that 1:1 weight ratio of the two components could be determined directly 和 unambiguously.

有关更多信息,请联系:

胡浩明
刘沉& Associates
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亚太, 中国